In modern games, gaining an advantage over opponents can be the one who not only plays better than the others, but also spends more efficient work on his strategy outside the tables. In this article, we’ll talk about five ways you can make your classroom work more productive.
Firstly, all the methods described are quite complex. Of course, you can combine the learning process with simpler options, studying various manuals and literature.
All training is important to repeat frequently. Mastering more advanced concepts directly during the game is not an easy task, since difficult spots are not so common, and accordingly the learning process slows down. If we consider all the necessary points outside the tables, then we can devote as much time to them as necessary.
Now proceed to a detailed analysis of each of the methods.
Memorize Your Ranges.
Any player who wants to get started with serious poker training needs to memorize all of their ranges first. You can start memorizing with open-raising ranges, then stop at cold-calling ranges, memorize the hands with which you call 3-bets, and so on
Why it is so important to remember your poker ranges:
- You will be quick to make decisions preflop, which will save you a huge amount of time that can be spent on analyzing your opponents’ play.
- If you know your ranges perfectly preflop, you shouldn’t have a problem learning more in-depth topics like understanding which ranges combine with different board textures.
- You avoid times when ranges start to expand or contract during periods of boredom or overly emotional state. To avoid this, it is worth memorizing the ranges with which you play in various situations, then there will be no room for boredom, because there will be an understanding of which hands are profitable to play at a distance.
- Practice calculating pot odds Any professional poker player should be able to calculate pot odds very quickly . If you have problems with this point, you should pay special attention to in-depth study of this aspect.
You can choose a random list of hands from your database and train on them. Use paper and a pen if necessary. By giving this activity enough time every day, you can quickly do the necessary calculations in a few seconds.
Moreover, it is not necessary to achieve perfection, it will be enough to train in such a way that the results are close enough to reality.
Learn to count equity quickly.
You can begin an in-depth study of this topic with preflop game situations. It is important to understand in which specific spots your preflop bets will be profitable. For example, the times when you 4-bet and get a shove in response, in these hands you have to decide whether to call or fold your hand.
The next step is to start looking at postflop situations. It is important to understand whether it will be beneficial to expose different board textures. A quick determination of equity will also help in order to profitably make semi-bluffs. Consider different hands for how your range compares to your opponent’s possible range by specifying different flop textures and outgoing runs.
You can comfortably practice all this in a program called Poker Ranger. It has a very useful feature to hone your skill in calculating equity quickly. You just need to set the range of the enemy, choose your range and texture of the board (if you wish, you can entrust the choice to the program in a random order).
Now it only remains to determine independently the equity of the hands that the software will offer you from your given range. Moreover, after entering the data, the program will show the correct answer. Solving several similar problems, the utility will give the final score. By doing this workout for an hour a day, you can quickly and fairly accurately determine equity.
Learn to read your opponents’ ranges at the tables.
Being able to quickly spot your opponents’ ranges is important, even at micro stakes. Moreover, you can hone this skill in practice, but it will go much faster if you use special exercises.
Ideally, you should start working on the simplest situations, and then smoothly move on to an in-depth analysis of more complex ones. To do this, open in the base of your hands those spots where you made an open-raise or played a call, and then aloud build the opponent’s estimated range based on his statistics.
After that, you can proceed to the same actions, but using the example of other game situations, for example, in multi-way pots and so on.
If you spend enough time on these exercises, you will quickly realize that your understanding of various postflop situations has become much clearer, and accordingly your game will become even better.
Once you’ve figured out how to represent your own ranges and your opponents’ assumed ranges at the tables, you can start to tackle much more complex problems like calculating your mathematical expectation (EV). Understanding which specific sizing and line of play will be optimal in the spot comes at the moment of a clear understanding of which range is better hooked on each specific texture of the board.
Equity only gives us the percentage of situations where one hand or range wins the other hand or showdown range. And do not forget that there are additional factors that significantly affect the rivalry of different ranges – this is the position, playability of the hand, polarization of the spectra.
In the case of calculating EV, everything is much more complicated, without the help of a GTO solver it will be difficult. It is necessary to study the operation of such software from the analysis of situations when it is important to understand how exactly two different ranges interact with the board textures. Your task is to learn how to determine which of the available ranges will take precedence. Obviously, the leader will always be the range that contains the most strong draws, top pair, two pair, and the nuts.
After you have figured out all the options in your head, you can run the calculation in the solver and evaluate how close to reality you managed to make your assumptions. Next, we set another board, select coordinated, dry, suited flops, draw our conclusions and see the results of the program. With all this, do not forget to change the spectra in the process.
Of course, all the exercises presented take a lot of time and effort, because you can go through various combinations of textures, ranges for specific game situations for a very long time. But no one said it would be easy. If you get serious about it, dedicating at least an hour or two a day to working on the game, you will notice the first results pretty quickly. Your understanding of game situations will improve significantly.
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